Radios comparison 2018


Purchase advice for radio comparison or test 2018

  • Anyone who wants to spark radio in his free time with people from other countries and calls himself amateur radio, requires a license to legally send with professional equipment. However, in our comparison of radios, we are keeping an eye on the license-free hand-held radios, which you can purchase and use without hesitation.
  • The best radio for you should have the highest possible range. But radio tests show: Be careful with the information from the manufacturers of particularly cheap radios. These have a range of up to 10 km according to the manufacturer, but often this promise is not kept.
  • Depending on what you intend to do with the radio, you should pay special attention to the type of power supply to the device. Are you for example For several days out in the wild, we recommend a device where you can simply replace the batteries and do not need a charging station.

Radios comparison 2018: radio

As a hobby, the amateur spark is recognized. People around the world get in contact with each other and exchange language, culture and experiences. For this purpose, amateur radio operators themselves build their system with transmitter and receiver. But not only to listen but also to send, requires a permit from the Federal Network Agency, A license can only be obtained once an exam has been completed.

In our radio comparison 2018, we do not want to refer to the professional hobby, but this is aimed at anyone who needs a radio for other wireless projects. Therefore, all devices presented here are license-free to acquire.

With our small purchase advice and their categories, we would like to help you to find your personal radio test winner for the right application.

1. Where a radio is useful

Radios comparison 2018: radio

A radio allows wireless communication by radio technology, The devices are powered by either a battery or an integrated rechargeable battery, which is charged at a station.

Devices can facilitate communication with others at leisure or at work, In large warehouses, you can talk to each other while you work, and in the mountains, for example, you can place an emergency call where mobile networks are no longer available.

Geocachers have also discovered the handheld radios in order to find separately and yet in consultation the so-called caches. In general, therefore, it can be said that e.g. a handheld radio especially for outdoor lovers offers, since the service is free.

1.1 How a radio works

Every private person can on the so-called Jedermannfunk with other people, which are on the same frequency to interact.

For this you can use the so-called PMR radio or the CB radio. PMR stands for Private Mobile Radio and CB stands for Citizen's Band Radio. Do not let the names mislead you: these two types of radio have nothing to do with the actual radio.

Radios comparison 2018: radios

The difference between the two radio cards is clearly evident in the associated devices: While PMR radios can only control 8 channels, with CB radios 80 channels can be targeted throughout Germany. This means you are less flexible with a PMR radio than with a CB radio. Furthermore, CB devices have a higher range than PMR devices. However, you can extend the range of the radios even with a larger antenna.

1.2. Demarcation radio - mobile phone

Technically speaking, mobile phones as well as radio devices communicate via radio. Nevertheless, the devices differ in one respect: radios can - in contrast to smartphones - independent of certain mobile radio frequencies be used. Since the radios transmit their information directly from device to device, no network infrastructure or transmission tower is required here. This is how they like to be used in areas where there are no mobile networks or the like.

Further advantages and disadvantages of handheld radios at a glance:

  • Voice transmission possible
  • no mobile costs
  • great freedom of movement
  • Simple devices often cost-effective
  • unnoticed listening possible
  • Communication can be hampered by jammers
  • Communication can be disturbed by other "radio operators"

2. Royalty and notifiable radios

A radio is not a toy. Therefore, individuals may not use the following frequencies, as these are reserved for the state for police, customs and rescue services.

Which radio area you are allowed to use and which not, we have listed for you:

ForbiddenLegal
BOS radio
PMR
Seefunk
Inland navigation radio
Flugfunk
174-230 MHz
823 - 832 MHz (LTE)
863-865 MHz
1785 - 1805 MHz (LTE)
2.4 GHz (WLAN)
2.6 - 2.7.4 GHz
4.6 - 4.46 GHz
4.46 - 44.6 GHz

You can use the following wireless devices acquire and use without hesitation:

  • Radios comparison 2018: 2018

    PMR radios
    : Its frequency range is 46,000-446,100 MHz and is divided into 8 channels. Depending on the ambient conditions, distances of three to five kilometers can be overcome by radio. This area of ​​companies will be happy to assist in internal communication, e.g. used in the warehouse.
  • DMR 446 radios: They represent a digital advancement of the PMR devices and transmit in Germany on the frequency between 446.1 - 446.2 MHz
  • SRD / LPD radios: These devices convince with their 69 channels, but they only have a short range of about 0.5 to 2 kilometers. In Germany they are no longer produced.
  • Radios comparison 2018: radio

    CB radios
    : They are the most widely used radios, transmitting at 26.565 - 27.40580 MHz and have up to 80 channels. Their range is dependent on various factors, such as Transmitter power and antenna location dependent, but they can usually send up to 60 km.

If you want to spark in the following areas, you and your device must be registered and approved:

  • Operational radio (for companies, authorities, emergency services, etc.)
  • Seefunk
  • Inland navigation radio
  • Flugfunk

3. Radio types

The communication by radio is used in different situations. That's why there is different sizes of devices that adapt to the application.

kindproperty
Radio Station

Radios comparison 2018: comparison

Station radios are among the professional devices and offer a longer range than handheld radios. They are only moderately mobilebecause they usually combine a lot of technology in a kit and therefore also in the higher price segment to find.
Portable Radio

Radios comparison 2018: radios

The handheld radio is probably the most common type and better known as walkie talkie. The small appliances fit well in one hand and are often strapped to a belt or backpack.

They usually have a range between 1 and 15 km. Especially for children, there are extra small children's radios in this category for playing at distances of a few kilometers.

Renowned manufacturers and brands include Motorola and Stabo. While Motorola sells mid- to high-priced devices, Stabo radios are only in the upper price segment.

Motorcycle radio

Radios comparison 2018: radio

Two-way radios are designed to be activated by voice because the driver has no hand free. So it works much like a baby monitor.

Through the headset in the helmet, the driver hears what is transmitted through the radio.

baby monitors

Radios comparison 2018: comparison

In principle, baby phones are also standard radios. The subtle difference between baby monitors and radios is the sensitivity of voice activation. Baby monitors already transmit short, quiet noiseswhile radios require a decent amount of noise to activate themselves - if controlled by voice activation.

4. The most important purchase criteria

4.1. reach

The range of the individual radios can be different, so they are created for different tasks. While for children to play already a small range is enough geocacher who search for several miles distributed for clues, need a stable, higher reach to agree can.

Danger: Basically, it can be said that the range specifications of the manufacturers are usually set too high.

Radios comparison 2018: 2018

In general, walkie talkies work best when there is an open space between them, It is more difficult if it is to be spotted within populated areas. This can lead to disturbances and the cheap radios often reach only a range of two kilometers, instead of the specified ten. Extend the ranges with the help of larger antennas. However, these are interchangeable only for high-quality products.

4.2. power supply

For children

If the offspring wants to talk by radio over a few hundred meters while playing, children's walkie-talkies are the perfect choice. These are good for you, as they are smaller in size. Another bonus: they are available in bright colors!

Do you want to be independent of power outlets because you have the radio mainly in nature, choose one that is powered by batteries, On the other hand, if you have the option of charging the device from a charging station in the warehouse or in the office, the station is a good place to always put it away so that you do not have to search it unnecessarily.

4.3. amount of channels

Radios comparison 2018: comparison

For easier transportation, large antennas can often be unscrewed.

As mentioned above, the different radio areas provide different numbers of channels. Apart from that, the radios can be built to accommodate 8, 16 or 40 channels. So you want to be very flexible in your channel choice and increase the chance of not interfering with other radio operators, you should prefer a radio with a high channel count.

Not every citizen in Germany can spark wildly back and forth. Depending on the type of service, you will need to purchase appropriate licenses to send, Which conditions you have to fulfill, you can see here. In addition, for the German amateur radio, the radio code is used as a regulation which may be e.g. assigns the frequency ranges.

Radio devices used in the CB, SRD / LPD and PMR areas are not subject to regulations.

6. Questions and answers about radios

6.1. Are there any waterproof radios?

Radios comparison 2018: comparison

For those who want to spark even in rain and storm, a waterproof radio will be the right purchase. So it can fall in puddles, without breaking immediately.

When purchasing, make sure the radio is IPX7 rated. This states that the device is protected against temporary submersion.

6.2. How much is a radio?

The minimum amount to pay for a simple radio is just under 20 €. For this reason, we have specialized in low-cost radios in the radar comparison, but they still convince with good quality.Radios for absolute professionals among the amateur radio operators can cost up to 1,000 euros.

6.3. Who invented it, the radio?

The inventor of the original radio has not been officially announced. What is certain, however, is that in 1923 Australian Constable Frederick William Downie developed a first mobile radio that came very close to today's model standard.

6.4. What does Stiftung Warentest say about this topic?

Radios comparison 2018: 2018

The testing institute has not yet made a radio test, so we can not introduce you to a radio test winner. However, in the issue 01/2010 the Foundation warns of children's walkie-talkies. These would often exceed the permissible noise limit for near-ear toys.

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Video Board: Handheld Radio Comparison & Review