Ax and hatchet in three steps properly and safely einteilen


The attachment between the handle and the impact head on an ax or an ax must be durable, reliable and unambiguous. A detachment leads to danger to life, as a flying ax head resembles a projectile. The mechanical implementation in Einstielen is relatively simple, but must be done correctly.

Wedging in three steps

Both when exchanging a shaft and when making an ax or a hatchet, the stakes must be professional. Common is a triple mechanical protection based on displacement and wedging.

1. Insert shaft shoulder into ax head

The stem or shaft should widen from the top to the middle of the shaft. This thickening is called a shoulder. The shaft is inserted into the ax head. By lateral hammer blows the head is driven as far as possible in the direction of the shaft shoulder. He sits right when he is completely jammed and sitting wobble-free. At the bottom of the headholes usually first chips form, which are a good indicator for the correct fit. The shaft end projecting beyond the ax eye is sawn off flat. Care must be taken that the cut-in notch is set low enough. Otherwise, it must be deepened by sawing.

2. Drive in the wooden wedge longitudinally

The stem end must have a longitudinal groove running parallel to the blade direction. In this notched notch a matching wooden wedge of hardwood is driven with a hammer. The wedge ensures a spreading of the lateral shank surfaces. They wedge themselves in this way inside the ax head.

3. metal or expanding wedges

In order to assure the vertical forces during insertion, metal wedges are finally driven in at axes, or expansion screws in the case of smaller hatchets. Common are round shaped ring wedges, of which one or two are hammered in the middle depending on the size of the ax eye. Alternatively, cross and diagonal wedges are available that resemble multi-pronged metal staples in their appearance.

Tips & Tricks

When driving the end of the handle into the ax head, ensure a steady "sinking". Using an angle iron measure whether the right angle between the center of the shaft and the blade is given after the first step of the insertion. If necessary, correct the seat with more hammer blows.


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