Plan wood thoroughly for a really smooth surface

With the planer, unprocessed wood surfaces can be smoothed out quickly and thoroughly, if you know how to do it. But even old wooden objects, which already have some burdens behind, become beautiful again by careful planing. The surface looks brighter than after sanding, it gets a special optical depth. You should pay attention to this when planing wood!

Planing wood surfaces: These facts are particularly important

The planer carries more material than the sandpaper, therefore, the thus treated workpiece should have a certain thickness. Planing is particularly useful if you want to remove deep quirks or paints that have penetrated into the pores.

A contiguous surface should always either be planed or sanded, otherwise the differences will remain visible even after painting. If the wood has grown too irregularly, the planing does not work: then it is advisable to grasp the grinder.

How to plan your wood properly!

The workpiece to be planed should always be clamped so tightly that it can no longer move, because when planing, some forces are released. Always move the planer with the wood fibers so that you do not tear them but smooth them.

Which planer should I use?

You have the choice between a hand plane and an electric planer; these still divide in several different ways, which are suitable for different purposes. Here is a small overview:

  • Rauhbank: paves large, irregular surfaces
  • Schrupphobel: for rough preliminary work
  • Double planer: has a double iron to clean smaller surfaces
  • Finishing planer: for smoothing with little material removal
  • Cleaning planer: short planer for the fine work
  • Falzhobel: for the production of up to 3 cm wide folds
  • Simshobel: Special device for planing profiles, folds and profile edges
  • Nuthobel: for creating grooves

You can see that a rough surface can best be pre-machined with the Raubank or a scrubber, followed by the smoothing with the double planer or the sizing planer. The cleaning planer is used when it needs to be very precise.
Electric planing machines are similar to milling and work extremely smoothly and are particularly suitable for larger areas. Smaller surfaces can be edited with the hand plane.

Tips & Tricks

Always keep a sharp blade on your planer so as not to damage the wood. The blade of a hand planer must be reground regularly, the electric plane blade simply exchange.

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