Wood works: basic knowledge of wood-based materials

Working with wood

The material wood can be used almost anywhere and creates a friendly and pleasant living environment. No matter if you are a beginner or an experienced home improvement: everyone can work with wood and let their creativity run free. All you need is a little manual skill and the right materials, tools and tools. Be it a shelf, a cupboard or a table - with wood, furniture can be easily made yourself and elegantly solve room problems in small apartments or under sloping ceilings.

Wood works: basic knowledge of wood-based materials: works

Worth knowing about woodworking

If you work with wood, you should acquire some basic knowledge about wood and its application and processing options. Find out which wood connections are possible, which devices can be used for renovation, assembly, repair and decoration, and which additional materials you need for woodworking.

What is laminated wood?

Glulam, also known as glued laminated timber (BSH), consists of several layers of wood glued together. For the production mainly conifers such as spruce and pine, but also solid beech wood are used, which is particularly suitable for the furniture. Due to the different layers of wood, this type of wood is less susceptible to cracking and, due to its industrial production, has fewer defects than normal wood, so it carries heavier loads and is suitable for heavily stressed furniture such as tables, chairs or shelves.

Wood works: basic knowledge of wood-based materials: works

Stylish sideboard made of laminated wood

Wood works: basic knowledge of wood-based materials: works

Glulam can be used to build entire kitchens and sturdy worktops

In addition, laminated wood is also used outdoors, for example when building a garden shed or a pergola. Here, however, pay attention to a coat of a weatherproof paint.

However, glulam is a pure natural product that differs in color, structure and design. Like wood from a type of wood, glulam becomes brighter or darker as a result of exposure to light over time. For example, beech wood is given a reddish glow, while there is hardly any change in beech wood. In addition, glulam is available in different classes, so it is advisable to consult before buying about the type of wood and the amount.

Identify quality differences in glued wood

DIY stores offer glulam in different classes. So that you enjoy your home-made pieces for a long time, you should pay attention to the quality of the wood. This can best be seen on the face of the board: The closer the annual rings of the glued woods together, the firmer and more stable the wood. Those who also pay attention to the protection of forest stands opt for spruce and spruce laminated wood with the FSC seal of quality and the note "100% from sustainably managed forests".

Wood works: basic knowledge of wood-based materials: works

With sturdy and high-quality laminated wood, the annual rings are close together

Surface treatment of glued laminated timber

In addition to the self-construction with BSH also finished pieces of furniture can be embellished with this wood. To match the surface of the already existing furniture, it can be treated with standard wood paints, glazes and paints. For extra protection, a care oil is applied. In this way, you get an easy-care, wipeable and dirt-repellent surface. However, always both sides of the wood should be painted or painted, otherwise the surface will be uneven due to the changed tension.

Wood veneer differ from imitation wood

What is wood veneer?

Wood works: basic knowledge of wood-based materials: basic

Wood veneer consists of peeled, sawn or sawn real wood and has a thickness between 0.45 and 6 mm. The sheets removed by one of these techniques are glued to a substrate, for example plywood, multiplex, chip or MDF boards.

Saw veneer is less prone to cracking and is often used in the construction of high quality furniture. In addition, unlike the honed veneer, it retains a natural light color. Cut wood veneer, on the other hand, serves as a veneer on chipboard or plywood. Rotary veneer also discolors during steaming or cooking of the wood before the leaves are peeled and processed into veneer or molded plywood. The peeling process is also used to make a maser veneer from grain tufts.

In addition, care is taken in the production to emphasize the characteristic features of the veneer, such as grains. Each veneer piece of furniture is unique and has an individual look.

Difference to the cheap wood imitation

When buying furniture, it is important to pay close attention to the product name, because behind a seemingly wooden surface, often a decorative foil in wood look. These cheap wood imitations have a wooden surface structure, feel like real wood and are usually indistinguishable from real veneer with the naked eye. If a piece of furniture or a wood surface is referred to as a "maple imitation" or "beech decor", it is a wood imitation. However, anyone who values ​​real wood veneer or solid wood should keep their fingers off these products.

Real wood can be recognized by the seal "veneer - real wood" and the stylized annual rings, which only furniture with a real wood surface may be awarded.

The right care for wood veneer

Furniture made of veneer prove to be easy to care for, because in most cases dusting is done with a soft cloth. For heavy soiling, wipe the area with a damp leather cloth. In addition, small scratches in the wood can be repaired with repair wax.

Furniture panels and shelves for home-made furniture

Like laminated wood, furniture boards and shelves are suitable for building custom furniture. The boards consist of a chipboard coated with a decorative foil. As a result, they are available in different designs, colors and wood looks.

Wood works: basic knowledge of wood-based materials: knowledge

Shelves and desk made of furniture boards

Qualitative differences between the furniture panels of different manufacturers can be recognized by their processing. High-quality panels have a rounded edge and were glued on four sides. In addition, both longitudinal edges are sheathed.

The shelves are available in a thickness between 16 and 19 mm and are used in larger dimensions as supporting elements, for example as cabinet walls or as outsides of a chest of drawers. The maximum weight load can be found in the manufacturer's instructions.

Wood works: basic knowledge of wood-based materials: basic

Furniture panels consist of a chipboard with decorative coating

Machining tips for shelves

Before building your own furniture, the boards must be sawn to the desired dimensions or shape. Depending on the preliminary work, a foxtail or a circular saw is needed, among other things. Subsequently, the sawn edges are treated with edge trimmings, which is supplied with the purchase of furniture panels by most manufacturers in the matching color.

Fixing systems for furniture panels

After cutting, the furniture panels can be easily attached to the wall using shelves, so you can use them to build hanging shelves. To do this, place the shelves in the recesses provided for this purpose. Basically, the required type of attachment or connection always depends on the strength of the wood, the weight load and use. As a result, in simple constructions, a connection with wooden dowels is sufficient while furniture is bolted to a higher load. In addition, there is still the possibility to glue the boards.

Processing of wood and wood-based materials

Working with wood requires basic knowledge of the different types of wood and wood, their characteristics and advantages and disadvantages. In addition, do-it-yourselfers should have basic knowledge of wood joints and machining options. Below you will learn more about the differences between the types of wood and find practical instructions on how to pick off old paint and varnish, repair damage, find the right glue or glue for woodwork or how to use tongue and groove joints, mitres and joints yourself produce.

wood joints: If you want to build something out of wood, then there are different types of wood joints. Especially elegant and professional are those that are made without the use of cordless screwdrivers and screws.

Mending the wood: Damage such as dents and scratches on wooden objects and floors need not end with a call to the carpenter or cabinet maker. With simple means you can also repair wood and eliminate scratches in the wood.

Pickling with pickling: If the old paint does not look good on your furniture, you should work up the old pieces of furniture. Pickling is the removal of old paint or varnish with special paint strippers or alkalis. We show how it works, the pickling with Abbeizer wood surface treatment

Treat wooden surfaces in the interior: Wood is a popular, but unfortunately vulnerable natural product. Do-it-yourselfers have four options for targeted wood surface treatment indoors: oiling, waxing, glazing and varnishing. We call pros and cons and give useful tips for use.

Multitools and tools from Dremel under test: Multitools or multi-tools are universally applicable tools with which you can polish, grind and drill. Learn more about the different uses of Dremel's multitools in our extensive test reports. Dremel TRIO: Grinding, cutting, milling Anyone who places high demands on usability, precision, handiness and quality can not ignore this three-in-one tool. It can cut, grind and mill. Get to know the all-rounder.

Adhesives and adhesives: There are a variety of different adhesives that cover very different applications. A clean application without annoying drilling noise is just one of the advantages of a good adhesive bond.

Adhesive tape and masking tape: Self-adhesive tapes are important aids in renovation, installation and renovation work. But even with different decorations adhesive tapes are used. Do not abandon these little problem solvers.

Spray paint from paint spray cans: With spray paint you not only protect your furniture against harmful influences, but also make it colorful. There are simple topcoats, but also special lacquers for special effects.

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